Tuesday, 18 March 2014

Different Types Of Linux Operating System



Linux is an operating system. It is software which enables applications & computer operator to access the device on computer to perform functions. This OS can be installed on PC, Laptops, mobile devices, servers & supercomputers etc. Linux OS includes distribution for desktops & servers & it also contain Linux Kernel which is core of operating system with supporting tools. Linux have many flavors among all Debian, Ubuntu, centOS, Fedora etc. are most popular. Ubuntu is based on Debian while Fedora is based on Red hat Linux. Below mentioned is a brief description of these OS distributions.


Types of Linux OS



Ubuntu OS: 


Ubuntu is a computer operating system based on Debian Linux. It is a most popular Linux distribution. Its name comes from the Zulu word “ubuntu” which means “humanity to others”. The initial release of this OS is 20th October 2004 & it is developed & supported by Canonical Ltd. It is free & popular OS based on Linux. It is free & open source model. In this OS targeted people are home users, developers & businesses.

It is supporting many popular applications like Mozilla Firefox, Mozilla Thunderbird, Evolution, Libreoffice & file manager Nautilus etc. Debian based software is used in this OS like .deb files & APT (update method of Ubuntu). In this operating system supported architecture is amd64, i386 & more than 55 languages are available in this OS. This OS distributed free of cost under GNU license. Latest stable release is 13.10 Saucy Salamander (17th Oct. 2013).

Ubuntu allows user to download some popular proprietary software like Flash & Wi-Fi drivers with a simple click during install process. Ubuntu’s default user interface is unity which is available in 2D & 3D. Different hardware can affect the performance & speed of OS. According to some tests Ubuntu boots faster than Fedora. Ubuntu & Fedora distributions release a new version every six months but there is a difference in their support models. In Ubuntu after a version is released this offers support for 18 months & it also releases Long Term Support version every two years that are supported for 5 years.


Fedora OS: 


Fedora core is an RPM based general purpose collection of software. This includes an operating system based on Linux kernel & Red Hat. The initial release of this OS is 16th Nov.2003 & it is developed & sponsored by Red Hat Inc. It is also supporting many popular applications like Mozilla Firefox, Mozilla Thunderbird, Evolution, Libreoffice & file manager Nautilus etc. This OS is used Red Hat software like RPM files & yum (update method of Fedora).

In this OS amd64, i386 is the supported architecture & it supports multiple languages. Latest stable release of this OS is Heisenbug (Fedora 20), 17th December 2013. Fedora does not offer proprietary software like Flash, Bluetooth & Wi-Fi drivers. Fedora’s default user interface is GNOME 3.2.1. Fedora is faster to shut down. But in Fedora after a version is released this offers support for 13 months.


CentOS: 


CentOS stands for Community Enterprise Operating System. It is freely released version of stable & secure Red Hat Enterprise Server, Linux based operating system. Every CentOS version is maintained for up to 10 years. A new CentOS version is released every 2 years & this provide long term support  for their operating system (about every six months). CentOS provides reliability, security & stability , so this is the perfect choice of clients & web servers.

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